Classical Sunday: Zelenka’s Missa Omnium Sanctorum

Zelenka’s music is admired for its harmonic inventiveness and counterpoint.

J.D. Zelenka: Missa Omnium Sanctorum

Jan Dismas ZELENKA 1679-1745

Missa Omnium Sanctorum ZWV 21

1. Kyrie eleison
2. Christe eleison
3. Kyrie eleison

4. Gloria in excelsis Deo
5. Qui tollis peccata mundi
6. Quoniam tu solus Sanctus I
7. Quoniam tu solus Sanctus II
8. Cum sancto Spiritu I
9. Cum sancto Spiritu II

10. Credo

11. Sanctus
12. Benedictus
13. Osanna

Agnus Dei
14. Agnus Dei
15. Dona nobis pacem

Kai Wessel [alto]
Gabriela Eibenová [soprano]
Jan Kobow [tenor]
Marián Krejčík, Tomáš Král [bass]

Ensemble Inégal
Prague Baroque Soloists
Adam Viktora [direction]

Jan Dismas Zelenka was raised in Central Bohemia, educated in Prague and Vienna, and spent his professional life in Dresden.  The greatest success during his career was the performance of the extensive composition ‘Sub olea pacis et palma virtutis’ in the presence of the Emperor Charles VI, shortly after his coronation as king of Bohemia in 1723.

Classical Sunday: Wanhal’s Symphony in G minor

Wanhall’s music was well respected by Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven.

Wanhal, Wanhall, Vanhal, Van Hall, spell him whichever way you like, but his music is wonderful.

Johann Baptist Wanhal (Jan Křtitel Vaňhal): Symphony in G minor

I. Allegro moderato 00:00
II. Adagio 07:07
III. Menuetto 11:29
IV. Finale, Allegro 16:14

Jan Kolář, oboe
Virtuosi di Praga
Oldřich Vlček, conductor

Johann Baptist Wanhal, a Czech classical music composer, was born in Nechanice, Bohemia on 12 May 1739 and died in Vienna on 20 August 1813.

Classical Sunday: Stamitz’ 6 Trios for Orchestra

Another Czech composer today.

Jan Václav Antonín Stamic (born June 1717 in Bohemia, died March 1757in Mannheim), or Johann Wenzel Anton Stamitz, as the Germans called him, is credited with being the founder of the Mannheim School of music.  His compositions show the transition from Baroque to Classic.

Jan Václav Stamic (Johann Stamitz): 6 Trios for Orchestra Op.1

1. Son No 1 in C major: Allegro 0:00
2. Son No 1: Andante ma non adagio
3. Son No 1: Menuet
4. Son No 1: Allegro

5. Son No 2 in A major: Allegro assai 12:56
6. Son No 2: Andante poco adagio
7. Son No 2: Menuet
8. Son No 2: Presto

9. Son No 3 in F major: Allegro molto 25:38
10. Son No 3: Larghetto
11. Son No 3: Menuet
12. Son No 3: Gigue. Prestissimo

13. Son No 4 in C minor: Presto assai 38:30
14. Son No 4: Andante ma non adagio
15. Son No 4: Menuet
16. Son No 4: Allegro spirito

17. Son No 5 in B flat major: Presto 51:32
18. Son No 5: Lento
19. Son No 5: Menuet
20. Son No 5: Allegro

21. Son No 6 in G major: Allegro di molto 1:03:37
22. Son No 6: Larghetto
23. Son No 6: Menuet
24. Son No 6: Allegro

DSCN9288 - Edited.jpg

Classical Sunday: Smetana’s Moldau

Surely a melody you are familiar with.

This video is barely a quarter of an hour long, so close you eyes and enjoy.  Let the music take you down the river from its origin to the river Elbe to which it is a tributary.  The description of the different movements (see below) I found in the comment section of the YouTube video, and edited only slightly.  Might make sense to read it first and then listen.

Bedřich Smetana ~ The Moldau (Vltava)

The piece describes the course of the Vltava (Moldau is the German word for Vltava) throughout Bohemia:

0:00 Springs of Vltava – The spring of water gushes from the earth.  The two flutes symbolize two streams, which comprise early part of the river.
1:07 Vltava’s theme – The two streams meet and the river starts.
3:11 Forest theme – The river snakes through the forests of Šumava.  You can hear hunters calling a hunt on a horn.
4:20 Wedding scene – Polka symbolizes a wedding in the fields that the river is a witness of.
5:34 Night scene – Night falls.  In a forest glade, fairies dance in the moonlight.  On nearby rocky hills sit old castles and ruins.
8:51 Vltava’s theme
9:50 St. John’s Rapids
11:08 Vltava’s theme
11:37 Vyšehrad castle – The river passes through Prague, already big and strong (picture in the video).  Here we can hear another part of Smetana’s piece “Vyšehrad”.
12:30 Vltava is slowing – The Vltava river ends by flowing into the Elbe river.

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